What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition of the pancreas where the body begins to build up a resistance to a natural enzyme known as insulin. Insulin is created the by the pancreas to regulate and break down the glucose levels in the body. Glucose also known as blood sugar, is necessary for healthy cells however it must first be broken down by insulin in order for it to be adequately absorbed by the cells, too much glucose is bad for the body as is too little of it. As the resistance to insulin increases and the levels of unbroken down glucose rise the body will attempt to overcompensate by making more insulin. This does not last long as the pancreas will soon tire and be unable to make up the lost insulin, this is what leads to diabetes.
What are the different types of Diabetes?
There are two types of Diabetes, type 1 and type 2, type 1 is a form of diabetes that you are born with while
type 2 is created by lifestyle choices;
- Poor diet
- Sedentary lifestyle
Unlike type 1 however, type 2 can be either cured or treated while type 1 is often lethal. Of course there are different levels of severity when it comes to type 2 diabetes, the lowest extreme is easily cured with a healthier diet, exercise, and controlling ones’ intake of sugar which means less glucose entering the body. This is a rarity however, most patients who develop type 2 diabetes will more than likely have to live with it for the rest of their lives.
How do you treat type 2 diabetes?
There are two ways of treating and handling type 2 diabetes. The first way in medicinal the second is lifestyle.
- Patents with type 2 diabetes must monitor their blood glucose on a daily basis and keep track of their numbers.
- Patients will require daily insulin injections to compensate for the body not creating enough.
- Doctors will typically refer a diabetes patient to a nutritionist to come up with a strict diet plan which will aid in keeping a steady amount of manageable glucose in the body.
- As insulin-resistance can lead to lack of energy, problems sleeping, and pain in the muscles and joints, patients will also need to follow an exercise regimen suited to combating these effects.
While type 1 diabetes can be deadly there is no reason that someone with type 2 who follows their doctor’s instruction and keeps to a strict regimen of lifestyle changes and medication cannot live a long, healthy life.